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Under the changing situation, China's logistics industry has changed from "insufficient capacity" to "no goods to transport"

Time : 2020-02-20 Hits : 280

With the gradual slowing down of the epidemic situation of COVID-19, how to restore normal social and economic activities as soon as possible has become the next task. As the "main artery" of social and economic operation, the transportation and logistics industry is considered to be the basis of all this. Hua Guowei, a professor in the Department of Logistics Management of Beijing Jiaotong University, once said that transportation and logistics, as the basic, leading, service and strategic industries of the national economy, under the background that the epidemic has a significant impact on economic development, it must have been a big impact. When the epidemic just broke out, it was the Spring Festival holiday, and the logistics industry had entered a traditional rest period. The sudden outbreak has brought a huge demand for daily necessities. At this time, almost all the transport vehicles on the market are out of business, resulting in an extreme shortage of transport capacity in the national market, which is reflected in the fact that the daily necessities of the major e-commerce platforms are out of stock. It has also led to a sharp rise in freight rates for a period of time. The huge fluctuation of market demand makes logistics enterprises have to bear huge tension pull, which brings great risk to the operation of enterprises.
After mid-February, with the continuous implementation of local measures to resume work, except in Hubei Province, the phenomenon of blocking traffic and transportation, such as closing villages and roads, has been alleviated to a great extent, and the resumption rate of logistics enterprises has exceeded 60% in late February. But at this time, the problems faced by the logistics industry have been reversed, from "unable to transport" to "no goods to transport".  After mid-February, although the logistics industry rapidly increased the resumption rate, but due to the sluggish demand of upstream and downstream industries, the production capacity of the logistics industry can not be fully released. The gross profit margin of the business in the logistics industry is not high. After running out of goods, the employees' wages and venue rent have to be paid, which further squeezes its profits, so it is very difficult for related enterprises to survive.
China's Ministry of Transport announced on February 15 that from 00:00 on February 17 until the end of epidemic prevention and control work, toll roads across the country will be exempted from tolls. The executive meeting of the State Council subsequently announced that from March 1 to June 30, port construction fees for import and export goods would be exempted; by the end of June, fees such as railway insurance, delayed use of containers, and detention of trucks would be halved.
Since then, there has been another wave of international changes that have a great impact on the logistics and transportation industries. In theory, the fall in oil prices will reduce the transportation costs of logistics enterprises and benefit the whole logistics sector. However, although the state announced the reduction of highway tolls, the benefits of this policy are difficult to implement to drivers. Most shippers know that the state has reduced tolls and asked for lower freight costs.
Sun Jinhua, deputy director of the National Power Investment Strategic Development Research Center, who has studied energy policy for a long time, said that the drop in oil prices is more a sign of economic crisis, especially considering that the current overseas epidemic is spreading. This has triggered extreme concern in the international market about a faster-than-expected decline in global economic growth, so the market volatility may be stronger than the financial crisis in 2008.